AnarchismBolshevismBourgeoisieChekaCommunismDemocracyFascismGPUIV InternationalLeninLeninismMoscow TrialsSocial DemocracySocialismSocialist PartyStalinStalinismStrikeTrotskyUnited FrontWorking Class

SOCIALIST APPEAL August 21, 1937 The Situation in Spain Today game out answer.
BARCELONA, July 24. Byals, to hold secret trials on es little appalled by the crudity of ed them in fraternal spirit, that make Trotskyist criticism of Courier to the Frontier. July pionage and high treason char the Stalinist GPU but they are we had the right to call for CNT the POUM but fear nothing so 19thaniversary of the proleta ges; as the CNT secretary point linked with the Stalinists in the FAI POUM action because we much as contact with the Trotsrian crushing of Fascism in Ca ed out, all oppositionists to the repressive governmental consider that today only the kyists; but this is merely the talonia, was not celebrated here. Government, all those who speak apparatus. They enjoy its reac struggle of these three organ remnants of their heritage of At the last moment the Valencia or demonstrate against the con tionary fruits. We blush when izations can stop the imprison Nin Neither Trotskyist nor Government prohibited the joint stituted Government, come under we hear foreign anti fascist com ments, closing of centers, mon Stalinist.
demonstration scheduled by all the terms of this decree. And rades, combatants from the front, strous trials, and the offensive POUM Disoriented the Catalan parties, cynically de this means, for example, that at fallen under the heel of the against the collectives. The noclaring that anti fascist senti this moment, am subject to its exclaiming bewildered: bility of the anarchist leaders The illegal leaflets published ment, the perfect harmony be penalties and tomorrow can be Have we made a mistake in did not go so far as to publish by the Executive Committee of tween the rear and the front. arrested and tried behind closed sides?
the POUM testify to the comrequired no special manifesta dorrs.
The great masses, still largely The desperate repressive cam plete disorientation reigning in tion. This attitude was only lo If only Vasquez words on Nin anarchist in sympathy, remain paign, led by the Stalinists, has their ranks. One of these is par.
gical on part of the Valen had been published in the big expectant. But the pathetic ora finally frightened Caballero into ticularly worthy of comment.
cia authorities: how a reac CNT papers! If only the CNT tions of their leaders do not suc motion, for it is plain that the They, who have always reproach tionary govern the had anized a eal. campaign ceed in awakenis enthutry to wipe outed the Bolshevik Leninists for celebration of a revolution? The for his defense! The CNT lead siasm. The anarcho reformist every form of opposition. The seeing only Stalinism, have falCNT FAI leadership made no ership knew Nin well; he had bureaucrat phraseology about Spanish Lenin what a pre len into a completely vulgar anprotest; their members wished been one of the biggest of them, nobility and let us sacrifice posterous title, after his shame ti Stalinism. They have, indeed, to demonstrate illegally, but the twenty years ago, before he is too worn. The local group of the ful record as Premier during the become anti Stalinist and nothauthority of the anarco reformist founded the Communişt Party of FAI have resumed their illegal period of reconstruction of the ing more. Today even the bourleaders is still great enough to Spain.
propaganda; unfortunately it does bourgeois state, from September geois liberals find grace in their stifle such initiative from below. Ah! but what nobody can un not center around the most im 4th to May 15th! was all the eyes. The leaflet addresses itThe General who, in charge of (derstand, said Vasquez, is mediate problem, the release of more ready to come to the fore, self to everybody on the left and Public Order, had prevented the their saying Nin has been in con the prisoners. Protesting against since both the CNT and POUM, on the right to the anarchists demonstration planned for the tact with Franco, and that Nin Stalinist repression, the Anar with their slogan of a CNT UGT as well as to the young separ18th, himself ordered a charac is a fascist. This must be taken chist youth, the Libertarian or Government ceded unquestioned atists of the ultra reactionary teristic demonstration for the into the courts and proved to the ganization, as in its time the leadership of the opposition to Estat Catala. The POUM asks 19th: the assault guards and people because, for the people, German Social Democracy, de Caballero. How bad the situa all to protect them against Stashock police, armed to the teeth, Nin is a revolutionist. He is a mands of the state help against tion is here may be realized from linism, which which is alone held came out and patrolled the streets man who, from youth, has been its own bands!
the fact that Caballero now calls guilty of the repressions.
The of Barcelona, between each com in the revolutionary organiza How long? It is time for the the government a reactionary POUM passes over in complete pany two machine guns, 1937 tions, and the people cannot re Government Council to speak, or regime. He makes sharp dis silence the fact that the Stalinmodel, with munition cases. concile this with what is said re lacking that, the Delegate Gen tinction between fighting at the ists can fulfil their counter regarding Franco. It is supreme eral of Public Order and the fronts and political suport to volutionary job only thanks to Stalin Police System Installed madness, to say the least, politic Chief of Police, says one pa the government, and gives it no the complacency of Companys The point is that, having sup ally mad as well, not to proceed thetic leaflet. But the illegal political support. He offers the and Prieto and the whole heartpressed all forms of Catalonian legally in these matters. But, leaflets and press of the anarch masses, however, no perspective ed aid of the bourgeoisie of the Autonomy although the Catalan of course, the Stalinists and the ists does provide interesting re other than a new parliamentary Estat Catala. The men of the statute remains on paper the Negrin government dare not velations. Anarquia reports: To combination. Even this is too Left cannot betray their posto authorities have confidence in no bring Nin into open court. This the shame and mockery of those much for the Stalinists, who are lates.
The Separatists cannot body who has any tie, no matter was written before the discovery calling themselves democrats, on openly threatening to outlaw the sell Catalonia by their silence how slight, with the Catalan that Nin had been lynched by the 17th of the present month, Caballero group if they continue And the leaflet ends with a slo The entire Catalan po. while proven anti fascists and in opposition.
gan: Prevent the establishmerit lice were transferred to the cenfighters for a better tomorrow Prisoners on Hunger Strike of the dictatorship of a party :bee ter of the country or to the front.
are held in jail, seventy prison The Stalinist Degeneration hind the lines. Are there still Only the old cossacks the Civil hunger strike of foreigners were set free, among them There is simply no way of des comrades abroad who believe the Guard, rechristened as the Na political prisoners, most of them fifty five proven fascists. We tional Republic Guard, remain. POUM and CNT co workers, be learn from the illegal leaflets cribing in a few words the poli POUM can be reformed, or that Even the firemen have been sent san on Monday, July 12 seventy that the PSUC (Catalan Stalin tical degenration of the Stalinist the demand for a new party An entirely novel prisoners refused nourishment. ists) issue instructions for re party. In Catalonia its composi would be premature. The POUM leadership has no system, probably introduced by They demanded, not only better cruiting: Stop your companions geoisie. that is, the former perspectives. Hence they find it the Russian police here, is that treatment, but above all to know in the War School and offer them smaileshopkeepers and business easy to write in an article against network of guardsmen carefully pite concessions to them on into the PSUC. Ite man is ar: geoisie, having been liquidated The scanty elements that comLeninist are so fine that from one guard provided bed sheets, the prisoners whom one believes, not to be a the regime of free trade and bank Section in Spain for the Fourth nutes on foot. Thus they hope days that we know of: a trial or that he enter the PSUC. Anar credits to favorites, have become International published in recent to be able to stifle any illicit liberation, was their slogan.
quia of July reports: What full blown bourgeois entrepene days leaflets that are real models and demonstrate movement from the first moment. Under the pressure of the CNT, we cannot tolerate nor consent lurs. In Spain generally, the Sta of confusion The repression is much worse the police made a promise not to. is uniformed assault, rob linists have come into sharp col that the poor Trotskyists are in Catalonia than in the rest of to hold prisoners more than thir bery and pillage penetrating our lision with both the CNT Federa politically dwelling in the strat»the country. Solidadridad Obrera ty days without bringing them centers and cultural organs. tion of Peasants and Agricul sphere. In them they ask for Workers and the tural UGT such absurd things, so contrary headquarters had (CNT organ) can speak only in into court; but the promise has Libertarian the language of flowers about not been kept; even the ordin been assaulted, its equipment Peasant Federation; Ricardo Za to the realty of the present mothe most important problems. It ary rank and hile worker is im destroyed, valuables stolen, by balza, secretary of the latter, vement, that they amount to acand by no means a leftist, has tual political aberration. But dares not publish the speech of prisoned for fifty days and more a Stalinist detachment.
continually denounced the Stalin they are careful not to inform Mariano Vasquez, Secretary of without a perfunctory hearing, Discontient with Anarchist ists for their recruiting of ku their membership what are the the CNT National Committee, in and a good many of them held Leaders laks and caciques, charging such absurd things. That is which the CNT finally took up strictly incommunicado during that the Gil Robles men and why reproduce the last part of the public defense of the POUM. all this time.
Indeed, only Castilla Libre of There is widespread discontent reactionaries in the villages gen our leaflet of June 19, 1937: The chief of police Ortega with the leadership in the anar erally have joined the Commun Only the United Front of Madrid published it; unfortuna for all Spain, is a Stalinist. chist ranks. The Bolshevik Len ist Party as the most efficacious struggle of the CNT FAI POUM tely it has not a large circula. Since this was written Ortega inists (Trotskyists) are still too means of fighting the peasantry and all revolutionary organizattion. We must not deceive our was dismissed for illegally sum: small. however, to channelize it. and the collectives. Generals, ions can succeed in annihilating of counter revolution.
ally, the petty bourgeoisie are military commander during pre during most of the events, the ers, hordes from the Catalan Es Workers: demand of your orbeginning to believe that the paration of the Aragon offen POUM has attracted few of the querra, all have joined the Sta ganization and your leader POUM is guilty of some of the sive, but was immediately re anarchists. Consequently, the inists because they are the most united front pact which must charges. Now the shortcomings placed by Gabriel Moron, another Struggle for the freedom of the CNT press, which never Stalinist. But the official police main tendency among the dis vigorous defenders of the bour contain: explained the significance of the force, jails, etc. do not suffice for fruitless one, of desiring to refusion with the Socialist Party of the workers press! Down with Moscow trials they refrained in their bloody work; in the case turn to their traditional anti pol into one united party of the political censorship!
the name of unity and still pub of the POUM leadership, for in iticalism. The CNT National proletariat. Spain will have Liberation of all revolutionlish little; on the shooting of the stance, they arrested them with Committee has found itself oblig a totalitarian party based on ary prisoners. For the liberation Russian generals, for example, out using the legal channels. In led to attack them publicly and ruthless extermination of the re of Comrade Nin, transported to Soli and Noche merely published deed, in most of the political ar effectively too; for the sterile volutionary forces.
the official bulletins without com rests, there is no official notice criticism of the hundred per The POUM has regrouped it Joint protection of all cenmentary Are being paid for both the POUM and CNT pris where. Friends have seen, for ex force to the reformist alibis of has not at all changed its poli session of our organizations.
at Police Headquarters or else cent anti statists only gives self organizationally, but, alas, ters and enterprises in the posoners.
ample, the official record, releas their leaders. Reconstitution of strengthing Jose Escuder, managing editical line. The divergences beIssue Reactionary Decrees The Bolshevik Leninists have tween the three factions. The ened Workers Patrols. Cease diRecently two decrees of the stalinists took him to one of CNT ranks to receive, at the the Centrists or remains of the soldiers. The return to the front tor of La Batalla; but then the won sufficient influence in the Rightists or former Maurinists, sarming the working class.
Ministry of Justice (the Minister their unofficial Cheka (GPU. hands of the CNT leaders a dow: Executive Committee, and the of all the armed bodies sent from is Irujo, representative of the big Socialists Tacitly Aid right dishonest attack. During Lefts led by the Madrid and Bar. Valencia. General Offensive on all Basque bourgeoisie) have paved the May Days, as an immediate celona Local Committees are fronts.
the for Moscow trials in And the authoritic the Valen measure, we called for united deepening. The Maurinists are Spain. One drove the FAI out of cia and Barcelona governments, action of the saying: the policy of the Trots Control of prices and the Popular Tribunals, by decree consent to all this. Although Accusing us of Kyists. Nin, Andrade, Molins, distribution through committees ing that parties that were not the Cheka is not under their con speaking in their name, though etc. is to blame for the repres of workers and Working women.
legalized before the 16th of Feb trol, they condone its persecu our leaflet was plainly signedsion against us. The Center tries Arrest of the provocateurs ruary could not be represented. tions and murders Negrin, Prie by the Bolshevik Leninists of to maintain unity be evoking only of May 3rd; Rodriguez Salas, The other decree, still more seri to, and the other Social Demo Spain, the CNT denounced our sentimental pleas. The Left wing Aiguade, etc.
ous, constitutes Special Tribun cratic leaders, it is known, are a dirty maneuvers. We answer is in constant fermentation: they To achieve this, all workers,